Fish in Anchorage
The Chum salmon is distinguishable by its forked tail and large pupils in its eyes.
Most Chum salmon spawn in small streams and intertidal zones. Some Chum will travel more than 3,200 km (2,000 mi) up the Yukon River and may be found in the streams around Anchorage. Chum fry migrate out to sea from March through July, almost immediately after becoming free swimmers. They spend one to three years traveling very long distances in the ocean. These are the last salmon to spawn (November to January). They die about two weeks after they return to the freshwater to spawn. They utilize the lower tributaries of the watershed, tend to build nests called redds, really little more than protected depressions in the gravel, in shallow edges of the watercourse and at the tail end of deep pools. The female lays eggs in the redd, the male sprays sperm on the eggs, and the female covers the eggs with gravel. The female can lay up to 4000 eggs.
Chum can live from 6 to 7 years, and chum in Alaska mature at the age of 5 years.
Be certain to check with Alaska Department of Fish and Game before fishing and inquire about regulations pertaining to the species of fish that you intend to catch.
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